The medical fraternity and governments across the world champion the use of vaccines to save millions of children every year. It is an ongoing effort to wipe out deadly diseases. But first, for us to either accept or dismiss vaccines, it is prudent to understand what they are and what they do. So here are the most common questions raised by parents from across the globe.
What are vaccinations?
The vaccine is a concentration which contains either the bacterium or the virus which causes the disease, or it contains the byproducts they produce. Vaccines force our bodies to create antibodies to fight against diseases.
If your three-year-old is infected with a bacteria or a virus, the antibodies will recognise them and fight the infection. A prime example of how powerful and essential vaccines are is the fact that India has taken a strong step towards eradicating Polio from the national consciousness.
How do I know if the vaccines are safe?
Well before the vaccines are allowed to enter the market, all vaccines undergo thorough tests, performed both by the producer as well as the government. Vaccines are given licences only if the safety standards are met. Once the vaccine is available on the market, it will be carefully monitored through usage. And any rare side effects discovered are immediately dealt with.
Remember, all medicines can cause side effects. However, vaccines are very safe. Many types of research conducted across the world have proved that immunisation is the best way to protect your three-year old’s health.
Most of the diseases have been eradicated, do we still need vaccinations?
It is true that most of the deadly diseases such as smallpox have been eradicated. But, this was accomplished through immunisation. The fact that many countries and territories are yet to meet immunisation standards to protect their young ones, such as some African nations.
As we all know, that today’s world is a global economy and people travel a lot. Meaning that many of us Indians travel to other nations, and they come over as well. So, diseases cannot be washed out that easily. This is the exact reason why immunisation is essential. Vaccinations offer to equip your three-year old’s immunity with the right tools to fight against deadly diseases.
Are there any side effects from the vaccines?
Yes, there are mild and usual side effects such as your three-year-old might form some rashes or swell around the injected area on the skin, this usually goes away on its own. Besides this, another common side effect is the fever. The human body sometimes takes time to adjust to foreign elements (such as vaccines), however, there is nothing to worry. If the fever persists beyond 24 hours, it is imperative to consult your doctor.
Can my three-year-old develop allergies to certain vaccinations?
If your three-year-old has a severe allergy to eggs or has severe asthma, then a shot of flu jab might be offered instead of a nasal spray vaccine. Else, your child can be vaccinated at a special clinic.
Otherwise, asthma, food allergies and such should not prevent your three-year-old to get vaccinated at routine clinics or immunisation programmes.
Your spending valuable time reading this post means that there are many parents and guardians like you who want to be knowledgeable before getting their three-year-olds vaccinated. What can be asserted about vaccines are these facts:
- Vaccines are produced, tested, and monitored vigorously
- Immunisation is not just an option, but a necessity
- You can expect mild side effects such as rashes or fever, for which help is available, and there is nothing to worry