Due to an increase in hormone levels and changes in your body, you may experience symptoms of asthma and allergies during pregnancy. To understand more about asthma and allergies and how to deal with them, please read on.
Asthma is a condition in which you will feel an obstruction in the airways of the lungs.
Symptoms: Common symptoms that you might experience are:
- Stuffy nose
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
Causes: Your asthma symptoms might peak during the third trimester because your progesterone hormone levels are high at this time. Also, your baby is growing and your womb presses against the diaphragm. This makes breathing difficult. Symptoms of asthma are triggered by various factors:
- Allergens such as:
- Dust or dust mites
- Pets or animal fur or feathers
- Tobacco smoke
- Strong odours or chemicals or paint
- Mold or fungus
- Environmental factors, usually change in weather conditions
- Exercise and physical exertion
Precautions: You must take precautions to avoid any increase in your asthmatic symptoms.
- You should avoid exposure to all triggers listed above that aggravate asthma conditions.
- You can take medicines prescribed by your doctor to keep your asthma under control.
- Ask your doctor to schedule a scan to check on your baby, especially if you have had an asthmatic attack.
- Speak to your doctor about the flu vaccine, which is considered safe to be taken during any time of your pregnancy.
Allergies are common during pregnancy.
Causes: When a harmful bacteria or virus enters your body, a chemical called histamine in released by your immune system in order to attack it. But, if your immune system reacts this way for generally harmless substances like pollen, you develop allergy symptoms. Examples of such allergens are listed under the causes of asthma above.
Symptoms: Common allergy symptoms you may experience are:
- Sniffling or a runny nose
- Watery eyes
Precautions: Prevention is better than cure, and you must avoid contact with all allergens to prevent allergic reactions. Some tips are given below:
- Keep your windows closed. Avoid going out in the morning when the pollen count is high.
- Use a mask inside your house when you clean or dust. Avoid dust mites from mattresses and pillows by washing them regularly or use special covers.
- Avoid pets. You can do pest control in your home to remove cockroaches.
Treatment for Asthma and Allergies
Please consult your doctor before you take any medication during your pregnancy, even during the third trimester.
- It is better to prevent an asthma attack by taking medicines prescribed by your doctor than risk oxygen supply to your baby during an attack.
- You can use saline nasal sprays or natural remedies like neti-pots filled with saline solution.
- If you are allergic to specific medicines that may cause allergic reaction like itching or rashes, talk to your doctor.
You needn’t fear asthma and allergies during pregnancy if you have already been exposed to it before pregnancy. It is possible to control the symptoms and treat it with the help of your doctor to ensure a safety for you and your baby.