The foetus receives oxygen from the mother’s blood. Hence, it is important to keep the mother’s asthma under control during pregnancy, to ensure more or at least enough dissolved oxygen in the blood.
This would help reduce chances of pregnancy complications such as premature birth, low birth weight, and preeclampsia (dangerously high blood pressure during pregnancy).
Medication that the mother was taking for so long can continue. In most cases, asthma inhalers are pregnancy-safe. For oral medication, a doctor’s advice must be sought, though. Allergy shots to keep asthma under control can also be continued with; however no new allergy shots should be initiated during pregnancy.
We all know that prevention is better than cure. Hence controlling asthma during pregnancy is important:
- Have an asthma plan ready: Consult a doctor and keep asthma medicine handy. Make sure that they are safe for use during pregnancy.
- Recognize asthma triggers. Especially the stimuli that exacerbate allergic reactions.
- Avoid asthma triggers. They can be anything ranging from dust, mites, cockroaches, to pollen or animal fur.
However what is to be noted is the general tendency for asthma to show up a genetic disorder. The child of an asthmatic mother (or father) is, therefore, more likely to have asthma than the child of someone without asthma in the family.
But that said, asthma should never be a reason to stall pregnancy planning or a reason to not get pregnant. Just make sure to keep the doctor in the loop and asthma in check during pregnancy, if the mother has a history of getting bad asthma attacks.