Measuring changes in your newborn’s weight and size is easy but it is not easy to see what is happening inside their brain. The parts of the baby’s brain that control their bodily functions are already in place. The parts of the baby’s brain that help him/her to understand the world around him/her have not yet developed. The baby’s brain is not yet able to cope fully with thought, memory and physical coordination. The process by which a baby gradually learns these skills is called cognitive development.
A new skill should be introduced over short periods of playtime. Talking to the baby through actions help her remember cause and effect. For example, you can flip the switch and say “Light on” and “Light off”. These demonstrations will help the baby learn simple laws and anticipate them next time you perform the action.
Even when your baby babbles, respond to him/her. Your little one will eventually learn that s/he is expected to add her response to what you say. He/she will remember this back-and-forth pattern when s/he begins to have conversations.
When s/he is around 9 months old, s/he will have learnt to anticipate events from your actions. S/he will remember that running the water means bath time is coming up. Sticking to a routine is important. This allows the baby to consolidate his/her memories and retain them for longer periods of time. Make sure s/he is getting rest. A baby will retain information better if s/he feels rested and relaxed. Let him/her explore freely during part of his/her playtime.
Infants at as early as 7 months can differentiate between categories like animals and vehicles. S/he will be able to differentiate between items belonging to the kitchen and those belonging to the bathroom. These categories lay the foundation for early knowledge development and organising information which will be useful for future encoding. Familiarity and repetition of an experience can also influence the organisation of information in storage for preschoolers and older children.
Keeping the child hydrated increases her capacity to memorise and think correctly and to remember optimally too. This means that the child needs to drink water, juices and nutritious food for the brain to boost her memory. Memory-boosting nutrients are found in food such as fish and fruits.
The amount of information that is able to be recalled depends on the child’s age at the time of the event. Children can recall personal events though only in fragments when questioned later on. As s/he grows older, his/her autobiographical memories will form and s/he will be able to recall and remember the events over periods of at least several months.