Children have a natural curiosity that makes them explore everything around them. They want to take every new object in their hands out of curiosity and put try to put it in the mouth. This is a natural instinct that can lead to choking and other severe consequences.
Keep away all small toys and objects away from your baby, not even near your baby’s bed. There are teething toys available that you can allow you baby to chew on since they are designed in such a way that your baby cannot swallow it whole and choke on it. But if it is kept in the open or on the floor the teething toy can attract germs. Teething toys should be washed properly before being given to the baby.
Do not over-stuff your baby’s cot with pillows and sheets. The baby may get tangled in the loose ends of the sheet and feel suffocated. Similarly too many pillows can also cause asphyxiation, more so when the baby learns to turn and crawl on bed. The reflexes are not so well developed in a baby and s/he is not strong enough to wrangle him/her-self out of trouble.
There are some food items which your baby can choke on, like nuts, raw carrots, popcorn, chips and pieces of fruits. So mash the fruits before giving it to the baby or give him/her fruit juices. If you want to give those nuts, keeping in mind his/her nutritional requirements, then do so by chopping the nuts into fine slivers.
Make sure the meat you give your baby is minced, well-cooked and boiled till soft and can be easily swallowed by your baby. Babies can choke on chewy pieces of meat as they are not capable of chewing as efficiently as adults.
Do not leave your baby unattended with milk bottles or water bottles. Even if your baby can hold the bottle by him/her-self, be around to intervene in case s/he gags on the liquid. You must never force feed your baby. If s/he does not want to eat more, let him/her be until s/he is hungry and wants food. Force feeding can choke your baby.
Any toy that is smaller than a D-size battery can choke your baby. So let your baby play with bigger toys in your absence. Keep all small toys away from the baby’s reach unless you are playing with him/her. In the contemporary times, all toy bags come with an age disclaimer, please follow the advisory. It is there for a reason. Even when you take your baby to a park to play with a ball, be careful that there may be other junk lying strewn in the park which s/he can pick and put in his/her mouth.
Please do not leave any dangling wires or cords near the reach of your baby. The baby can start playing with it and put it around his/her neck. Make sure you have wired case for all the loose wires in the house. For that matter do not keep any dupatta or loose and long soft cloth lying near the baby. Your baby may accidentally strangle him/her-self. Also keep mobile and laptop wires away from your baby.
Try to avoid chains, ribbons and clips while dressing up your baby. Your little one may tug at it or grab the clip to put it in the mouth, leading to strangulation or choking.
It is a common practice to tie a bib while feeding your baby. Please remove immediately after feeding. Be careful when you make your baby wear halter or stringed tops.
Keep all plastic items and balloons out of the reach of your child. Babies have a tendency to put deflated balloons in their mouth since they look colourful and attractive.
Plastic bags are also extremely dangerous as your baby can put his/her head inside the bag and get suffocated.