In addition to welcome showers, monsoons also bring with them infections. And we all are aware that children are more prone to infections. It is very important that parents take necessary precautions to ensure that children practice good hygiene to minimize the chances of falling sick.
Common ailments seen in children during monsoons:
In addition to common cold and throat infections, water borne diseases are common during this season.
Some are curable while others may turn fatal in the absence of proper medical care. The most common and dangerous water borne diseases that children may be prone to are gastroenteritis, diarrhoea, cholera, jaundice (Hepatitis A & E), typhoid and dysentery.
Diseases producing viruses, bacteria, protozoa and parasitic worms found in the faeces of infected persons could contaminate water. E. coli gets into water sources, and the same if not treated well with chlorine can cause mild to serious infections in children.
Cholera is a dreaded disease that is common during floods and monsoons and finds incidence majorly amongst children and those living under poor sanitary conditions. Children can be protected from cholera through periodic vaccination.
Jaundice which is transmitted via contaminated food and water too has a vaccine. Parents should ensure that children are vaccinated against Jaundice (hepatitis A & E).
Typhoid is marked with fluctuating high fever, exhaustion, sleepiness and diarrhoea and is spread through contaminated water or contact with infected persons. The same can be avoided or minimized through vaccinations.
Dysentery is another major disease that is contracted by consuming contaminated water. While this can be treated, prolonged illness can prove fatal in children.
When to consult a physician
Many monsoon related ailments, especially common cold and mild throat irritation are usually cured with the help of good-old home remedies. If any problem persists for more than a few days, take the help of a physician before it becomes chronic.
- If your child is prone to catching infections easily, make sure they are well equipped to protect themselves from sudden showers. And even when wet, make sure they take a hot water bath and pat them dry.
- Ensure they wash their hands and feet well, the moment they reach home.
- Make it a point that they consume water that is filtered and boiled at home.
- Avoid consumption of outside food unless you are sure that it is hygienically prepared.
- Make sure that the containers used for storing water are cleaned well.
- There are also traditional methods like using khas, tulsi and kataka seeds for purifying water.
To book an appointment with Dr. Sumana Rao, please call +918044244424