Giving birth to a baby is a natural process. However, there are many parameters that need to be monitored to ensure a safe delivery. It is important to be well informed about any kind of complications that might occur during delivery.
1.Premature Delivery– If the baby is born before 37weeks, it is considered a premature baby. They are at a risk of developing respiratory and digestive problems. Premature babies are kept in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) under observation for a few days.
2.Prolonged Labour-For some women the labour lasts for a long time. This can lead to complications for both the mother and the child. This happens when the baby is not in the right position (Breech-Head up and bottom down) and blocks the birth canal. In such a situation a C-Section is performed and the baby is delivered safely.
3.Premature Rupture of Membranes-This is commonly known as ‘Water Breaking’. The uterus breaks and amniotic fluid that protects the baby flows out. This exposes the baby to various kinds of infections. In such cases, the doctors ensure that the baby is given the correct medication to take care of the infections.
4.Umbilical cord Prolapse– Sometimes, after the water breaks the umbilical cord moves down into the cervix before the baby. This blocks the blood flow from the cord to the baby. If the umbilical cord can be felt coming out of the vagina, an ambulance should be called for immediate medical help. The doctor performs a surgery and the baby is removed safely.
5.Umbilical cord Compression– As the baby moves around the uterus, many times the umbilical cord gets wrapped around the baby. During labour sometimes this happens, which causes a decrease in the blood flow to the baby. The baby’s heartbeat is constantly monitored during delivery. If the baby’s heartbeat goes down and there is fetal distress. In such a situation the baby is surgically removed.
6.Meconium Aspiration- Meconium is the black sticky substance stored inside the intestines of the baby. Sometimes due to distress it is expelled into the amniotic fluid prior to the birth. If it is inhaled by the baby it can cause complications while breathing. Most babies need a little breathing support to recover.
7.Preeclampsia– It is a complication that develops due to high blood pressure. This usually arises during the 20th week. If not kept in check, Preeclampsia sometimes leads to early separation of the placenta from the uterus, seziures or stroke. If the blood pressure is kept under control during pregnancy and the doctor is aware of the situation any such complications can easily be avoided.
These complications can be restricted by taking prenatal care. Keep your doctor informed about any unnatural occurrence. Chose your doctor and the hospital carefully. The hospital should be equipped to take care of any such complications.