In the initial days post delivery, your baby’s visual senses are not too strong. He/she will see blurry objects and not be able to recognize most colours. Only with time, over three to four months, would your baby be able to focus his eyes on far-off objects, comprehend different colours, and be able to gaze for longer duration at a given thing or person.Following an object with intense gaze would be a development that you may see in your baby around the end of the first month or the second month.
If you pass or move your fingers or hand or any other toy in front of his/her eyes, he/she will concentrate on that object for a longer time. He/she will continue doing so until the time he/she doesn’t get bored. Remember that by this time your baby’s neck muscles haven’t really strengthened so it may be hard for him to follow an object once it crosses his straight line of vision.
Even when you try locking your eye with you baby and move your head sideways, he/she would lock his gaze on you and follow your face for a long time. This development sets in as your baby learns to focus with both his eyes. Initially, both your baby’s eyes would have been operating separately and would have been untrained to focus. However, by the end of one month, as your baby learns to focus both his eyes, it becomes possible for him/her to follow animated objects or moving objects with greater success.
Achievement of this milestone also somewhat testifies for the fact that your baby is calming down and is probably spending more time interacting with newer things around and this, in turn, would help enrich his learning.
Generally, by the third month, most babies would begin to follow moving objects with their eyes and reach for things around them. Please contact a pediatrician or ophthalmologist, if you think something is wrong with your baby’s vision or when he/she does not seem to focus or react to moving objects around him even around the fourth month.