Due to the inability of the pancreas to produce adequate amounts of insulin, under Type 1 diabetes, there is a glucose build-up in the body. The excessive glucose then passes out through urine without getting used for growth development and energy creation.
The exact cause behind contracting diabetes is unknown. But many believe that if an infant has a family history of type 1 diabetes, then the risk of him developing it increases manifold.
Some common symptoms of diabetes are:
- Increased appetite and thirst of the infant
- Frequent urination
- Sudden weight loss
- Fruity, sweet, or wine-like breath
- Unexplained vomiting happens because there is not enough insulin in the body to keep the blood sugar levels down
If parents or caregivers suspect the prevalence of the disease, a doctor’s advice must be sought. If the blood sample test to check the baby’s blood sugar levels shows a result of 200 mg/dl or more, diabetes can be confirmed.
Unlike other diseases or illnesses, there is no pre-emptive measure that one can undertake to reduce the occurrence of diabetes. Although life-long in its repercussions, once detected, diabetes can be kept under check by monitoring glucose levels regularly and taking proper medicines. Detection and medication should be started at the earliest. Insulin shots at periodic intervals may become a requisite.
If not managed properly, over the years, the condition can lead to blindness, kidney disease, heart disease, nerve damage, gum and skin infections, osteoporosis, the loss of limbs, and even death.