There is no clear distinction between complications of pregnancy and symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy. Discomforts of pregnancy do not significantly interfere with the activities of daily living or pose any threat to the health of the mother or baby. In many cases, a mild nausea may be a discomfort but for many women, it can be very severe with vomiting causing water-electrolyte imbalance.
Given below are some emergency situations and some solutions. Call the doctor immediately if the mother experiences the following:
If she has heavy vaginal bleeding, refer to the doctor immediately. A large gush or steady stream of blood means an emergency situation. She needs to get help immediately. She should be made to lie on her side and her feet should be put at a higher level than her head. Make sure to save the pads and cloths that have been used to soak up the blood to help the emergency team know exactly how much bleeding has occurred.
Water breaks early
Rupturing of the bag of water around the baby may mean labour is about to begin. But sometimes the bag ruptures prematurely.
If the mother notices a gush or a steady trickle of clear fluid, call the doctor.
Note if any colour or smell is present in the fluid.
Save any pads or cloths that have been used to soak up the fluid so that the emergency team knows how much water has been lost.
Severe stomach pain
If the mother experiences constant, severe pain (with or without contractions) that does not go away when she changes position, call the doctor.
Falls and injury
If a pregnant falls down and ends up landing on her stomach, she should be taken to a gynaecologist immediately for assessment any injury to the foetus. Mothers are advised to be extra cautious when climbing stairs or walking on the wet floor. Any fall can prove fatal to the baby.
Feeling faint or dizzy is a common symptom of pregnancy and can be caused by many reasons. However, if the mother loses consciousness, she should be immediately rushed to the hospital for prompt medical attention. Losing time while trying to revive her may lead to life-threatening situations.
Proper prenatal care is the best prevention for emergencies. When complications of pregnancy do arise, pregnant women who see their doctors on a regular basis are more likely to get an early diagnosis, and with it, the best chance for fast and effective treatment.
It is also advisable to have a family member, domestic help or some friend around, especially during the last trimester, as most emergency situations arise during that period and the mother may not be in a condition to go out and seek help all by herself.