Here are some tips that you can keep in mind to help alleviate your child’s discomfort in case of minor injuries received at home:
- If your baby has a cut and is bleeding, hold a cloth tightly over the wound for five-six minutes. Then clean the wound with lukewarm water and gently pat it dry with a clean, lint-free cotton cloth. If it is dirty and soiled, clean it with a mild soap and then apply an antiseptic ointment to make sure no germ accumulates. Depending on the wound or cut, you can cover it with a gauge to avoid further abrasion. If the bleeding does not stop even after you have made several attempts, consult your paediatrician immediately or rush the baby to the nearest emergency.
- In case of a mild burn, hold the affected place under cool running water for at least ten minutes. After that dab a cube of ice wrapped in a piece of cloth till the burning sensation subsides. You can apply an antiseptic ointment. If the burnt area is more than 1/4th inch anywhere on the body, consult a doctor to make sure it is not serious or there are no remnant scars. If the burn is anywhere on the face, chest or genitals, rush your baby to the doctor immediately. You should check for internal injury. If there is formation of water filled lesion due to the burn, do not squeeze and drain it. Consult a doctor.
- If your baby is bleeding from the nose, make the baby sit up straight and do not allow the head to be tilted. Loosen the clothes and pinch the end of the nose for five-ten minutes, till the bleeding stops. Putting an ice compress on the nose also helps in controlling nosebleed. Nose bleeding could be a result of trauma and in that case it will stop after a while. If it persists, consult a doctor immediately.
- If a piece of glass or splinter has pierced through the skin, do not try to take it out on your own as it may get deeply embedded within the tissue. It is advisable to take the baby to a doctor who will use appropriate equipment to exact the splinter or glass shard.
- If your baby has knocked over something and injured the eyes, apply a cold compress of ice cold wet cloth over the eye. If the pain is unbearable, or the child has blurry vision, or the eye becomes light sensitive, rush to the emergency.
- If a bee has stung your baby, gently rub your forefinger over the area to locate the sharp needle like proboscis with which the bee stings. Try to gently coax it out using a pair of tweezers or your nails. You can also use vegetables, like onion slice, to rub over the wound and the sting will come off. Applying slaked lime (the “chuna” applied on betel leaf or “paan”) to the sting will reduce the discomfort quickly.