The causes of hypertension are many and diverse. In most cases, pre-pregnancy traits or bodily complications in the mother get aggravated during the pregnancy tenure and couple up to produce hypertension.
Some common causes that may lead to gestational hypertension are:
- Overweight or obesity in expecting mothers
- Inactiveness or excessive lethargy in expecting mothers
- Smoking, even if the habit had been kicked out before pregnancy
- Drinking alcohol, even if the habit had been kicked out before pregnancy
- First-time pregnancy can lead to unseen cases of hypertension
- Family history of kidney diseases, preeclampsia, or chronic hypertension
- Carrying more than one child during pregnancy.
- If the expecting mother’s age is over 35 and 40 years
- Assistive technology (such as IVF)
Blood pressure is one indicator that is monitored at every sitting with the gynaecologist. And in cases when the levels are in a danger zone, then the mother is informed.
This is because, in severe cases, hypertension can lead to serious complications like:
- Pre-eclampsia: If the high BP continues after 20 weeks of pregnancy. This can cause damage to many vital organs like brain, kidney, and liver.
Preeclampsia with seizures may lead to eclampsia and can be fatal.
Symptoms would typically include protein in urine samples, persistent headaches, and abnormal swelling in the mother’s hands and feet.
- Preterm delivery: Hypertension could lead to increased chances of preterm delivery (before 38 weeks of pregnancy)
- Increased chances of C-section
- Placental abruption: a complication during which the placenta detaches from the uterus prematurely.
Some ways in which hypertension can be reigned in are as follows:
- Practice prenatal yoga and exercise to keep the body fit and active.
- There are herbal remedies and supplements that help relieve stress. But be sure that they are safe for use during pregnancy.
- Decaffeinated teas can be an option for easing stress. So is oolong, ginger, and blueberry. They supply antioxidants to help de-stress.
- Try to keep stress and anxiety at bay. Talk and emote to your partner, care-giver, and doctors, time to time and let them know whatever emotional and physical stress or discomfort is plaguing the mind.
- If pressure levels are hard to be kept in check, then over-the-counter medicines will be recommended to the mother.
- Contact a nutritionist and get a proper dietary plan sanctioned that would aid in keeping BP under check.
In most cases, gestational diabetes returns to normalcy after the delivery. However, if that’s not the case, then there are high chances that the mother was not suffering from gestational diabetes, but instead from essential chronic hypertension. In that case, the mother’s condition needs to be monitored strictly after delivery and she will be put under medication until the time her pressure is reigned in.