Cognitive development in babies in the age group of 2 – 3 years is increasing at a rapid pace. Their ability to understand concepts, learn new skills, use memory and solve problems improves steadily.
During the early years of a baby’s life, the brain develops steadily and rapidly. Good experiences lead to good brain development. Everything that they see or hear adds to their brain development. Babies need to be cared for and nurtured a lot more at this age because the sense of security helps them to develop confidence and trust in themselves and the world.
Toddlers feel a sense of independence now and they need to be looked after all the time to nurture that. Sometimes they might feel scared and lose control of their feelings. Hence, a sense of physical reassurance is needed. They are able to speak complete sentences and speak more than 50 words. Eventually, by the time they are three, they will be able to speak longer sentences and more than 200 words. They will slowly get a hang of it and start having conversations with you and other family members. They also understand the concept of time and opposites such as noon, morning and night. They can sort objects, match shapes, colors and identify all body parts.
You must encourage your toddler during this time, to play and explore things safely. They also understand the consequences of actions and sometimes build up stories, absolutely original ones, from their imagination.
They can start counting numbers and also spell them out. They can understand animal sounds. They are also active thinkers now and that gives them more reasons to build on that. Temper tantrums are common at this age because toddlers often fail to express their feelings. They can also identify sexes distinctly and often say if they have to use the washroom. They play imaginative games. Children at this age also like to engage in simple games with other children, sometimes with toys or sometimes just running around.