By this age most babies have completely adapted to the surroundings and can also roll, turn and crawl. They can recognize peoples voices and respond by babbling, smiling, flaying arms and legs randomly and sometimes clapping.
They become interested in different objects and turn their gaze when an object is moved in front of their eyes. They can make simple associations – they know that when they are made to lie on the bed, their diaper is changed and so they respond by lifting their legs up. If you dress them up and move towards the door, they will have a broad smile accompanied by happy sounds, anticipating an outing. They can also wave their hands to bid goodbye to others.
Cognitive skills start to develop at this age. A common ability called ‘permanence’ develops. This means they are able to recall a person or object even when it is not in front of their eyes. They exhibit varied emotions and certain inquisitiveness towards all objects. Since they have started walking, the tendency to explore is greatly enhanced. They touch things that are lying around and observe them carefully. Some babies start looking at the mirror and stare at themselves trying to understand what they are looking at.
They are capable of understanding simple sentences, like, ‘Give me the book’, and ‘Find your toy’. They can perform these functions as they register the words. They learn to say “no”, most often by nodding their head and make exclamations like, “Oh-Oh”. They also imitate what others tell them like ‘tata’, or ‘mama’ and other small, simple words.
They are able to understand if you hide something from them and they then try to look for it. You can play hide-and-seek with them and see what they do. They are able to identify their body parts when asked to. They enjoy looking at books and pictures. They are also able to identify simple fruits and vegetables which they eat as well. They can also play with building blocks. Most importantly, they are able to recognize their own name and respond when anybody calls out.