Nosebleed can happen during a cold, sinus infection, or in case of an allergy. In winters nosebleeds get further aggravated. The moist linings (mucous membranes) inside the nose may also swell and dry out. This makes it easy for vessels in the nose to break open, causing minor bleeds.
Nosebleeds can occur from the rupture of small vessels in the front of the nose. They are milder in nature and can be stopped more easily. But nosebleed that starts from the back region of the nose come from bigger vessels and are harder to stop.
Some simple ways to avoid a nosebleed are:
- Do not let the nose dry out, especially in the winters. Soften the inside of the nose with petroleum jelly.
- Be gentle with your nose and do not pick it. Blow it gently if you really have to. Forcefully blowing your nose can cause nosebleeds.
- Drink extra fluids to prevent the mucous membranes and other tissues in your nose from getting dehydrated.
What to do to avoid nosebleed or keep it under control:
- Sit down and firmly pinch the nose just above your nostrils, where the nose is soft. While doing this breathe through the mouth.
- Keep pinching the nose for about 10 minutes to 15 minutes, without releasing the pressure.
- Lean forward, with mouth open, so the blood either drips out of the nose or it can be spit out into a bowl or basin. This will reduce the amount of blood that goes down the back of your throat and into your stomach, which can make you feel queasy.
- Applying ice also helps as they constrict blood vessels.
- Lie down on the side if there is a sensation of feeling dizzy. But again, lying down or tilting the head back would make one end up swallowing blood, which would then cause nausea or vomiting.
- Do not overuse medicated nasal sprays or decongestants as they can dry out and further irritate the nose.
- Time how long the nose has bled.
Most nosebleeds stop within 20 minutes if the soft part of the nose is kept continuously pressed. This sort of firm pressure helps the blood to clot properly.
- To avoid further nosebleeds, lie down flat and avoid picking or blowing the nose. Also, avoid doing anything strenuous or drinking hot liquids which can cause blood vessels in the nose to dilate
Most nosebleeds stop on their own after a given period of time. Also, they do not pose any direct harm to the developing baby. But in case of severe nosebleeds especially in the last trimester, one may be advised to deliver through C-section.
Sometimes there maybe internal injuries also which can cause the bleeding. For instance, contact a doctor if there is a nosebleed following a head injury, even if it is only a minor bleeding. A surgery may also be required in extreme cases.