The first three months of pregnancy is the most crucial stage in the baby’s development. This is the time when all the organs are forming. Questions abound regarding what can be or cannot be done during pregnancy. Knowing what could truly be harmful to the baby and what is not a real concern is the key to keep the mother’s understanding during theses 40 weeks.
The mother should be very careful about using alcohol, drugs and medication throughout the pregnancy. As it may cause birth defects or harm to the foetus.
Diet during pregnancy should be light, nutritious, and easily digestible. It should include foods rich in proteins, minerals and vitamins. The diet should be adequate to provide for the maintenance of the mother’s health and the needs of the growing foetus. The mother should follow a proper diet prescribed by the doctor.
Some of the dietary restrictions are:
- Do not drink too much coffee as it can lead to miscarriage in early stages.
- Raw, smoked, frozen or high mercury sea foods like oysters and fish should be avoided.
- Wash all fruits and vegetables before eating to avoid infection.
- Avoid alcohol, cigarettes, tobacco, late nights and stress.
- Wear comfortable clothes and anti-skid shoes.
If the mother is healthy and there are no complications, the doctor will want to see her every 4 weeks until the 28th week of pregnancy. Then after every 2 weeks until 36 weeks and then once a week until delivery.
Getting enough sleep and rest is also important. This can be implemented through proper diet and exercise. The mother should avoid sleeping on her right side or on her back. She must lie on her left side to avoid complications. Overeating must be avoided too.
Keeping hydrated is important. Drinking plenty of water will also help alleviate symptoms of fatigue, constipation and preterm labour.