- Morning Sickness: This is the most common symptom during the first trimester. Almost every pregnant women faces morning sickness. The growth of the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone in the body of pregnant women triggers nausea and vomiting.
You can try home remedies to reduce nausea. Different women have different responses in the early phases of pregnancy. You need to change your ways to keep pace with the changes occurring inside your body. Like, if you are used to having three large meals a day, you will need to opt for food in small quantities every few hours or whenever you feel not just hungry but ravenous. For all you know, you may just throw it all up. But, you must consume food because you are not eating for yourself but also your tiny bundle in the uterus. If you eat and vomit, you may feel dehydrated. So take in adequate fluids. Either way, you need to check with your doctor.
- Fatigue: The second common symptom is fatigue. You may just be beginning to look pregnant but you will tend to feel so tired that it will seem like you are carrying a big weight inside you. This is another sign of the changes that are taking place inside your body. This is not just a physical aspect of pregnancy that is making you tired. It is also due to the high level of the progesterone hormone that makes you tired and sleepy. It could also be the first sign that you have anaemia.
The doctor would have told you about anaemia when you go to him excitedly after confirmation of your pregnancy. He will also prescribe medicines, typically iron fortification, to fight it. He will also tell you that it is perfectly normal for you to feel the need to take rest, relax and try not to stress yourself at work. Take a nap whenever possible and go to bed early at night.
- Increased frequency of urination: As the foetus grows from a tiny bundle into a small bundle, the uterus also grows. This is what exerts pressure on your bladder resulting in frequent visits to the toilet. This doesn’t mean you stop drinking water. Drinking less water would dehydrate your body and cause urinary tract infection, constipation and piles. One advice commonly given is to cut down on caffeine intake.
A little pain during urination accompanied with a burning sensation calls for bringing it to the immediate attention of the doctor. This can be a sign of infection which if left untreated can cause serious problems during pregnancy.
- Frequent headaches: These are as common as fatigue in a pregnant woman. Headaches are caused due to hormonal changes in your body. It certainly causes you a lot of discomfort in the early days of pregnancy but, fortunately, not the child you are carrying. If the headaches become severe, they could be a sign of high blood pressure. Either way, you will need to consult your doctor because he or she will tell you what kind of medicine you should take. Bringing it to the notice of the doctor is important because it could lead to high blood pressure, sign of fluid retention in your system or protein in your urine.
- Swollen and tender breast: By the end of the first trimester your body produces a hormone called prolactin which initiates milk production throughout your pregnancy term. This results in expanding milk ducts; hence, your breasts will feel swollen, heavy and tender.
But, this is also a critical time for you to undergo all those tests that the doctor had told you about during your first meeting with him or her. In the 9th week, tests will be conducted to find out if the foetus has any chromosomal abnormalities. Two weeks later, you may have to undergo tests for Down syndrome and congenital diseases like that of the heart.