Some of the most common skin related diseases that your baby can experience are listed below:
Intertrigo: A red, raw, weepy rash mainly observed in a baby’s skin folds, especially in the neck regions. It is caused by excessive moisture from drool and spit-ups that get collected and is not exposed to fresh air. Washing the area and applying petroleum jelly or zinc oxide barrier cream is a good remedy.
Prickly heat or Miliaria: Prickly heat rashes look like tiny red bumps and are generally observed on the face, neck, back, or on the baby’s bottom. One can use cool lotions or powders and make sure the baby isn’t dressed in heavy and hot attire.
Eczema: Dry, patchy skin areas which can cause the skin to go red, ooze pus and have a crust-over. The best way to treat this is to wash it with a gentle skin, fragrance-free cleanser and then use moisturizer.
Contact Dermatitis: A skin reaction that may be caused when skin comes in contact with chemical substances from soaps and detergents or even to grass and other similar plants.
Desquamation: Commonly known as skin peeling, it is something that affects a lot of babies in the first few days of life. It is completely normal and applying a moisturiser is the easiest way to combat it.
Cradle Cap: Crusty greasy scalp rash that commonly occurs in the newborn. It makes skin cells stick together instead of shedding normally and applying mineral oil or petroleum jelly helps loosen the crusts.
Milia: Small white bumps on the baby’s face which look like whiteheads. They are common occurrences and go away without any treatment.
Newborn acne: A common rash condition prevalent in babies, occurring mostly on the nose and forehead and looks like pimples or blackheads. The rash usually goes away on its own within the first few months, but treatment may be needed in some cases.
Ringworm: Caused by fungus that lives off dead skin, hair, and nail tissues. Is usually a red, scaly patch with raised, blistery, or scaly borders. Spreads with skin-to-skin contact and can be remedied with anti-fungal creams.
Chicken Pox: These common rashes occur much less due to chickenpox vaccines that are now easily available. It is contagious and spreads easily and goes over various stages like blisters, bursting, drying, and finally crusting covers.
Warts: Virus-caused arbitrary skin growth that can also pass from person to person, and is mostly found on the fingers and hands. Most warts go away over a period of time and should be covered with bandages or kept medicated and lotioned.