Parents of a preterm baby need to understand that their child is fragile and needs extra care and attention. Depending on the weeks of prematurity, the time taken to gain strength differs.
There are various stages of prematurity. Earlier the baby is born higher are chances of complications and risk to life. For your child’s growth and safety you must understand the complications and the risks to your child. Research thoroughly, and take precautionary measures according to the needs and comfort of the baby.
You have to take care of your baby’s food pattern because feeding a premature baby can be a bit of a challenge. You may want to appoint a nurse or someone who is a trained professional to take care of both you and the child. You might need expert hands to hold and swaddle the baby.
Providing sufficient amount of nutrition is crucial for a preterm baby. The baby needs more fluid and calories, but you have to be careful, especially if your baby’s digestive system is not developed. Follow a doctor’s recommended food interval and quantity of milk intake.
A premature baby is at high risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). So while the baby is asleep and the mother wants to rest at the same time there must be someone who is sitting beside the baby and looking after him ensuring the baby is breathing.
You should check your baby’s temperature everyday at regular intervals – a premature baby’s body temperature tends to fall because of the low fat level.
The most important safety precaution that you must take before leaving the hospital is to sit down with you pediatrician and write down a 24-hour schedule for your baby starting from sleeping to eating to bathing, swaddling, soothing etc.