Pregnancy interferes with the way the urethra relaxes and contracts. Hormone changes during pregnancy and added pressure on the bladder from the uterus causes stress incontinence. When mothers have stress incontinence, there are chances of urination even during a sneeze, cough, or laugh. Walking, running, or exercising can also cause leakage.
First and foremost, affected mothers should verify and ascertain for sure that the leaked liquid is urine. If the liquid does not resemble normal urine or does not give the familiar ammonia-like smell, then it may be an amniotic liquid which is being passed out. This would immediately call for the doctor’s attention.
Urine incontinence is not only a severely irritating phenomenon but also a rather embarrassing one. Especially during the pregnancy phase, when the mother-to-be is constantly being visited by friends and family members, this urinary problem can prove to be a difficult threat to manage with.
- Kegel exercises help in keeping the urinary bladder under control. Try to work up to three sets of 30 Kegel exercises a day as they strengthen the pelvic area.
- Keeping the weight gain under control also helps since extra pounds put extra pressure on your bladder during pregnancy.
- Train the bladder and set an urination schedule.
Urinate every 30 minutes — before urge to urinate sets in.
- Try to avoid constipation during pregnancy, so that the full bowels do not put added pressure on the bladder. Eat fibre-rich foods and stay away from foods that can cause irritable bowel syndrome.
- Drink at least eight glasses of fluids every day. Cutting back on the water to control urination makes mothers vulnerable to dehydration and urinary tract infections.
- Avoid coffee, citrus fruits, tomatoes, soft drinks, and alcohol — all of these items can irritate the bladder and make it harder to control those leaks.
- Pads can help absorb leaking urine. Stay away from tampons as they do not block the flow of urine and are also off-limits during pregnancy anyway.
In extreme situations, pregnancy and vaginal delivery stretches the muscles that support the pelvis, making them weaker. As a result, even post-delivery, urine incontinence can continue to trouble women.
But if urinary incontinence continues to be a huge problem during pregnancy or does not go away after pregnancy, contacting a doctor would be advisable.
Make sure not to administer on take any medicine without seeking a medical practitioner’s advice.