Children should be taught some basic values. Here is a list which the parents may find useful:
Value # 1. Honesty – Help children find a way to tell the truth. The best way to encourage truthfulness is for the parents to be truthful themselves. If a child is caught lying, instead of overreacting, help him/her find a way to tell the truth.
Value # 2. Justice – Insist that children make amends. If a child has behaved badly towards someone, as a parent, one should insist/encourage the child to say “Sorry” and make amends.
Value # 3. Determination – The child should be encouraged to take on a challenge. Praise him/her for the effort. As a parent, avoid excessive praise and give them an honest feedback. This will help the child develop determination and self confidence.
Value # 4. They should be taught to be considerate to the feelings of others. They should be taught how words or actions can make another person smile or feel better.
Value # 5. They should be taught to demonstrate and reciprocate their love and affection for others, through words and actions.
Value # 6. Children need to value education and the process of learning. Learning should be beyond the formal education. They should be taught to love reading and exploring.
Value # 7. Children should be taught to appreciate the world around them and learn to take care of nature. They should be encouraged to grow plants, appreciate nature and value natural resources.
Value # 8. Compassion towards animal life and people, especially those who do not share the same social or economic status. Recognising the intrinsic value of animals will help children treat them with care and respect. This goes a long way and is an important step to treating other people with care and respect.
Value # 9. Inculcating a sense of responsibility is one of the most important values a parent can inculcate in a child. All actions inherently carry the possibility of something going wrong or not turning out the way it was intended to be. Be it accidentally pushing a friend and causing injury or saying things that may hurt, the child must to taught to own up to his or her actions and bear responsibility of the consequences. Teaching a child to behave with responsibility will pave the way for a more balanced teenager and emotionally anchored adult in later life.
Value #10. Empathy is one of the least discussed yet an intrinsic value that needs to be encouraged. While compassion makes a child “feel” for others, by putting himself or herself in the shoes of the other, a child develops empathy and can be more compassionate once he or she understands that situations, words and circumstances can affect others in the same way as it affects us.