If you have any of the following conditions, you should not exercise during pregnancy:
- Abnormally high blood pressure.
- Lung disease, such as severe asthma or chronic bronchitis.
- Premature dilation
- Multiple pregnancy
- At a risk of Preterm labor
- Ruptured membranes or the water has broken
- Pregnancy-induced high blood pressure or preeclampsia.
- Placenta previa
Regular physical activity is an important part of a healthy pregnancy. But never over-do it. Stop exercise immediately and contact the doctor if you have the following symptoms:
- Vaginal bleeding
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Muscle weakness
- Calf pain or swelling
- Contractions or preterm labor
Every pregnancy is different and should be evaluated by your doctor to determine what is best for you and your baby. Just because you were able to exercise during your first does not guarantee you can for the second pregnancy and vice versa.
Limited movements such as exercises to strengthen your arms and back can be done. Be sure to ask the doctor whether it is safe to walk, gently stretch or do low-impact activities. Make sure you know whether you need to cut back on the intensity or duration of your workouts.
Also, exercise with caution if you are a heavy smoker, extremely obese, very underweight or unused to being physically active.
Exercises should also be avoided if you have suffered from orthopaedic injuries in the past. The ligaments and joints of the pelvic region tend to loosen up as the time for delivery approaches. Any sudden or jerky movements are best avoided during this period.
Women who suffer from light-headedness or dizziness should not venture out for walking or jogging alone. Any sudden spell of dizziness may lead to accidental fall and injury.
Exercising during pregnancy is a way of staying healthy and active. However, if certain physiological conditions are not conducive to follow a fitness plan, the pregnant mother should consult her doctor and figure out an alternative way to remain active, instead of stressing over the situation.