Pregnancy is a time when you are more than willing to go through the discomforts to welcome your baby in your life. While most pregnancies are safe, some may develop complications. Following is the list of few such complications to watch out for:
Preeclampsia is diagnosed usually after 20th week of pregnancy.
The symptoms are:
- Persistent high blood pressure
- Lot of protein in the urine
- Changes in the kidney or liver function
- Swelling in feet, legs, face and hands
Mild cases are treated with rest, diet and medicines while in serious cases, the baby might have to be delivered premature.
Diagnosed around 24th week of pregnancy some women may develop high blood sugar, causing a risk to the baby. It normally doesn’t have any symptoms but glucose screening can help detect it.
Most of the times it can be controlled with a diet plan and exercise but if it doesn’t come under control, then the doctor may prescribe insulin therapy.
Instead of implanting in the uterus, if the fertilized egg implants in your fallopian tube or somewhere else in your abdomen, you end up with an ectopic pregnancy.
Symptoms which are evident in the first two weeks of pregnancy include:
- Abdominal cramps
- Vaginal bleeding
- Pelvic pain
Unfortunately, such pregnancies have to be terminated.
This is a situation where the placenta lies low in the uterus and partially or totally covers the cervix.
You may have vaginal bleeding. Once detected you may be told to avoid:
You may be advised complete bed rest. Depending on the gestational age, you may have premature delivery.
Low amniotic fluid
Amniotic fluid is what protects and nurtures your baby in your womb. Sometimes, most commonly towards your third trimester, this fluid may decrease posing a danger of birth defects in your baby. It can be treated with infusing amino fluid externally and rehydrating mothers with IV fluids and oral fluids.
Any pregnancy which ends on its own in initial 20 weeks of gestation is termed miscarriage. This may happen due to:
- Chromosomal abnormality
- Hormone imbalance
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Smoking, drinking or drug abuse
- When the egg does not attach itself to uterus lining properly.
This may be evident by:
- Bleeding with or without cramps
- Severe pelvic pain
These complications may be avoided with regular check-ups with your doctor.