An overproduction of skin oil or sebum in the oil glands and hair follicles may be the cause of cradle cap. A type of yeast or fungus called malassezia can grow in the sebum along with bacteria, and this may be another factor in the development of cradle cap. Some babies just get scales in a small patch while others have scales all over their heads. Cradle cap may even occur on the eyebrows, eyelids, ears, crease of the nose, back of the neck, diaper area, or armpits. Sometimes cradle cap can cause cracked skin that itches and oozes a small amount of clear yellow liquid.
Certain factors like extreme weather conditions, oily skin, stress and other skin disorders may lead to cradle cap. It should not cause any worries but the following steps can be followed to ease the problem.
- Gently massage the baby’s scalp with fingers or a soft brush to loosen the scales.
- The doctor may prescribe a medicated shampoo developed especially for cradle cap.
- Shampoo more frequently but make sure that the shampoo is properly rinsed.