Babies are curious beings. Right from the time when he/she discovers that he/she can flung the arms and touch objects, which would be around the fourth month, your baby will try to pick up objects. Once the grip gets better, he/she will try to transfer objects from one hand to another too. As his/her power and strength improves, he/ she will try to lift heavier objects.
Picking and lifting objects as an activity only sets in around the eighth month. By this time, your little one’s hand-and-eye coordination would have improved and he/she would be able to pick up objects. This is a good time for parents to provide their baby with building-block games. At the same time, remember to keep hazardous substances away from your baby.
He/she would typically use the index, fourth, and the fifth finger against the thumb. Pincer grasp in most babies would have developed by now. By using the tip of the thumb and forefinger, he/she will be able to pick up small objects between his/her thumb and forefinger.
This tendency of lifting and picking up things will continue from then on and will become prominent when your baby learns to stand up straight and walk. He/she would then lift things that catch his/her fancy, up from the ground and examine them.
From around the time of his/her first birthday, your baby will be pulling himself/herself up (starts as early as the eighth month) and lunge himself/herself forward using either your support and holding or by grabbing on to furniture around him/her.
He/she will then slowly master the art of lifting objects. He/she will do that either by himself/herself sitting down beside the object, grabbing it, and then standing up with it. Or he/she will learn the art of squatting, or lowering his/her knees just a wee bit, and then get hold of that object.
The second action takes more time to perfect –around 15 to 18 months or so, as it requires more control and strength in the joints and knees.
Parents can make this activity a fun activity by turning it into a game for the child. They can bring to them attractive soft toys, building block, crayons etc. and put them near him/her feet, so that the baby can bend down and grasp them.