- Firstly, the time of birth, if a baby is born premature then his weight will be lesser than a normal baby. In this case the premature baby is kept in the hospital and given all required nutrition until the baby gains correct weight.
- If a mother is not healthy during the pregnancy period or she consumes alcohol and smokes; the baby tends to be underweight at the time of birth.
- Similarly, if the mother is suffering from diabetes or obesity then the baby can be overweight.
- Multiple births: In this case the babies have to share the womb and the nutrition, which leads to smaller size of the babies.
- Baby’s gender is a factor too. Baby boys are generally larger than baby girls.
- If the baby is suffering from any kind of birth defects then it can affect the baby’s birth weight.
- Genes matter; the body structures of the parents reflect on the height and weight of the baby.
Some of the food items you can add to your baby’s diet after six months to facilitate weight gain:
Mashed vegetables and fruits: For the babies who are being weaned, introducing solid food like mashed potato and pumpkin is a good option. According to Dr. Sakeena Samar, Pediatric Nutritionist at Santosh Hospital, “initially for 6-8 months you should only give soft fruits that have been mashed and after 8 months the texture matters as at that time teething occurs. After 9 months you can give cubes of small apple or pear, mango – fruits that are crunchy”.
Egg, chicken, fish: You are advised to give non-vegetarian food items to your baby’s diet after 8 months have been completed. Pediatricians insist on giving only cereals and fruits and veggies for 6-8 month babies. But after that you can start introducing boiled egg yolk, homemade chicken soup etc. to the baby’s diet. All of these add to the health and proper growth of your baby.