Some of the most common causes behind a high-risk pregnancy are uncommon maternal age (under 17 or above 35), medical conditions like high blood pressure; issues of diabetes; breathing, kidney, or heart problems; autoimmune disease; STDs like HIV etcetera. The previous history of miscarriage, or genetic disorders can also be a cause for high-risk pregnancy.
Some conditions that set in during pregnancy like placenta previa, pre-eclampsia or gestational diabetes can also cause the pregnancy to become a high-risk one. Also, the onset of premature labour or incidences of multiple births can put mothers at more risk.
Earmarking any pregnancy as a high-risk one keeps doctors more cautious and on guard with the case. High-risk pregnancies involve more care and caution. Some common protocols are:
- It is suggested to intake at least 400 micrograms of folic acid, beginning before and continuing through pregnancy
- Get proper immunisations and vaccinations done on time
- Ensure a healthy diet and maintain proper weight
- Get regular physical activity like yoga or Lamaze, unless advised otherwise by your doctor
- Avoid cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs; make sure all the medicines you take are all marked pregnancy-safe
- Visit your doctor regularly to keep a tab on your progress.
- These are just some generic advice and things that can be followed. More detailed to-dos would be contingent on the exact kind of complication that the expecting mother is suffering from.
It is also advisable to contact a perinatologist to avoid complications. A perinatologist is a maternal foetal medicine specialist or an obstetrician with special training in high-risk pregnancy cases.
It is always advisable to follow the adage, ‘prevention is better than cure’. For high-risk pregnancies, this is true more so because of the vast number of complications that they can cause which can lead to irreparable damage to either the mother or baby or both. Be extra cautious if you have been told that you could be experiencing a high-risk pregnancy and always contact your doctor even in the case of the slightest discomfort.