However, if there is too much of bleeding, you can apply an ointment and the dress it with a pad or clean cloth and bandage the wound. An anti-bacterial ointment can also be used to cleanse and disinfect the wound.
Most of these methods can be followed at home, but if there are signs of infection or septicemia, then a doctor must be visited. Common symptoms would include swelling that can get worse with time, redness or tenderness of the skin around the cut, pus, or red streaks. Sometimes even fever may develop.
Also, one must always try to inspect the possible cause of the scratch or bruise.
If it has been caused by an animal bite or scratch, even if it is a pet and vaccinated, the child must be rushed to a hospital. Injections or an antidote may be needed to be given to avoid any infection outbreak or future complications from the injury.
A cat scratch disease, for instance, would throw up symptoms like swollen lymph nodes or glands in your infant. Caused by a harmful bacteria-infected organism called the Bartonella Hensel ae, the disease can also cause small sores near the injury site. Children with a weakened immunity may also suffer from prolonged fever, brain inflammation, pneumonia or even a bone infection.
Scratches can also be caused with the baby learning how to use his/her fingers. He/she may accidentally run his/her fingernails over his/her sensitive skin, scratching himself/herself in the process. These wounds would heal on their own, and keeping your baby’s fingernails clipped short is a good pre-emptive measure to avoid such scratches.
Bruises are yet another common injury that an infant may face. They generally occur as the baby starts crawling and moving around, tumbling and falling in the process and injuring himself/herself.
They happen when upon any kind of impact or force, small blood vessels near the skin get ruptured. When the blood seeps into the skin, it makes a black-and-blue mark. They are more obvious on babies and younger children because their skin is thinner.
Bruises heal on their own and generally do not pain. One can put cold ice packs on the wound to reduce the swelling. If the injury is painful, common pain-relievers can be given.
A doctor must be reached out to if the bruise does not go away in a week’s time or so, or if it has been caused near some vital organ, or there are signs of infection like pus, fever, increase pain, swelling.
Parents may also investigate the cause of the bruise so that future harm can be mitigated. Sometimes bruises maybe caused when the child is outside home, in a playschool or crèche. Sometimes, unfortunately it can also point towards child abuse. It is important for caregivers to find out the cause of the harm that has been inflicted on their child.