Some of the most common symptoms, causes and remedies associated with different types of abdominal pain are listed below:
Colic: Uncontrollable crying in an otherwise healthy baby, often for durations of more than three hours in a row, for three or more days in a week. This is generally observed in babies between the ages of three and four months. Although the reason for colic is not definitely known, it produces rapid and severe contractions of the intestines that aggravate stomach pain.
Gas related pain: This is common among babies in the first few months when the baby’s intestines and gastric systems are developing and may not be ready to handle different kinds of food, thereby leading to stomach pain. It can be spotted when the baby’s belly looks inflated or he may be trying to arch his back too often. Laying the baby face-up and then cycling his legs forward and backward is an easy way to release the gas and reduce pain. But if the burps do not subside over time, one should seek medical help.
Reflux: Most babies often spit up or vomit after being fed. But if this occurs too frequently, it may be a sign of worry. Gastroesophageal reflux can upset the stomach and also cause a burning sensation in the throat, food pipe, and chest regions. Do not force-feed your baby. If he spits up during meals, stop halfway and give your baby time to burp and exhale out excess air.
Stomach flu: If your baby is vomiting repeatedly or has diarrhoea, he could possibly be suffering from gastroenteritis. Severe flu can cause high fever and a loss of appetite, leading to dehydration. Most cases of viral-induced flu require no specific treatment and subside in a week’s time or so. To combat diarrhoea, monitor your baby’s weight regularly and also administer ORH solution to prevent dehydration. If he/she is eating solids, a meal comprising bananas, rice and toasts can also help in holding the bowel movement.
Most stomach aches can be treated at home. Resting, lying down, and regulating food intake are the easiest ways to reduce abdominal pain. Give your baby small sips of clear fluid and stay away from solid foods. But if it turns chronic, and is accompanied by other symptoms, a doctor must be visited.